Work is the linchpin of successful integration – for the immigrants as well as for society as a whole. Whether integration into the labour market is successful depends on various factors. A good migration and integration policy cannot influence all of these factors, but it can influence many of them and thus promote integration and participation in the labour market. A differentiated application of the principle of "promote and demand" makes sense. In the view of the Expert Commission, the following aspects should be given special consideration:
- Consequences of migration for the labour market, the welfare state and the national economy, for example through positive effects on growth and the welfare state
- Labour migration, which will become more important in the medium and long term for demographic reasons
- Vocational education and further training as well as recognition of vocational qualifications and other competencies – areas in which investments and simplifications are worthwhile
- Integration through migrant enterprises, which are making an increasing contribution to the overall economy
- Protection seekers, who face greater challenges than other groups in integrating into the labour market
- Immigrant women and families, who need special support and are often not addressed by measures.
The Covid-19 pandemic has hit immigrants and their work market situation quite hard. In the medium term, however, labour migration can help address the consequences of the pandemic.
You will find the recommendations of the Expert Commission in the report in chapter 4.3. Chapter 4.5.5 also discusses what forms and effects of discrimination exist in the training and labour market. As regards the special situation of migrant enterprises, we are happy to refer to the expert reports commissioned by the Expert Commission in this regard.